Road Transport

Road transport (BE) or road transportation (AE) is transport of passengers or goods using roads. Disruptions in organized traffic flow can create delays lasting hours.

A road is an identifiable route, way or path between two or more places. Roads are typically smoothed, paved, or otherwise prepared to allow easy travel; though they need not be, and historically many roads were simply recognizable routes without any formal construction or maintenance. In urban areas, roads may pass through a city and be named as streets.

The most common road vehicle is the automobile; a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor/engine. Other users of roads include buses, trucks, motorcycles and bicycles. As of 2002, there were 590 million automobiles worldwide.

Automobiles offer high flexibility combined with low capacity, and are considered the main source of noise and air pollution in cities. Buses allow for more efficient travel at the cost of reduced flexibility.

Road transport by truck is often the initial and final stage of freight transport, providing door-to-door transport.

Transport on roads can be roughly grouped into two categories: transportation of goods and transportation of people. In many countries licensing requirements and safety regulations ensure a separation of the two industries.

The nature of road transportation of goods depends, apart from the degree of development of the local infrastructure, on the distance the goods are transported by road, the weight and volume of the individual shipment and the type of goods transported. For short distances and light, small shipments a van or pickup truck may be used. For large shipments even if less than a full truckload a truck is more appropriate. In some countries cargo is transported by road in horse-drawn carriages, donkey carts or other non-motorized means. Delivery services are sometimes considered a separate category from cargo transport. In many places fast food is transported on roads by various types of vehicles. For inner city delivery of small packages and documents bike couriers are quite common.

Passengers are transported on roads either in individual cars or automobiles or in public transport by bus/coach. Special means of individual transport by road like rikshas or velotaxis may also be locally available.

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